CHRONIC OBSTRUCTIVE PULMONARY DISEASE (COPD) - General information
What is COPD?
COPD means Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease. COPD is an “umbrella” term for two major breathing diseases that cause airways to become “obstructed” or blocked: Obstructive chronic bronchitis and emphysema. These diseases often occur together but they can also occur separately.
What is Obstructive Chronic Bronchitis?
When airways are constantly attacked by pollutants, such as those found in cigarette smoke, they become inflamed and filled with thick, sticky mucous. You cough to clear your airways. Later, the bronchi may become obstructed or with limited airflow: lungs do not fully empty and air is trapped. You may cough more and produce phlegm, you feel fatigued and short of breath when doing activities requiring effort.
What is Emphysema?
Your bronchial tubes branch into smaller and smaller tubes, which end in millions of tiny air sacs called alveoli. The exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide takes place in the alveoli. When your alveoli are damaged or destroyed, it becomes difficult for the lungs to exchange oxygen and carbon dioxide and less oxygen gets into your body. Your lungs do not fully empty and air is trapped. You feel short of breath during physical activities.
How is COPD managed?
COPD cannot be cured, but it can be treated so you can live a fulfilling and satisfactory life. Proper COPD treatment includes these strategies:
What to do if I’m affected by COPD?
Would you know what to do in every situation? Who to call to get help?
You need to develop an action plan.
Learn more about
The Action Plan from Living Well with COPD
How people with COPD get better?
Objectives of the program
How is the program designed?
The program is designed by medical experts in collaboration with patients to help you on specific situations. It allows you to choose your own goals & priorities, and to explore the program at your own pace.